Air Resources Board

SJV Clean Transportation Center Update : ARB Training Courses

With funding from the California Energy Commission, CALSTART opened the  San Joaquin Valley Clean Transportation Center with the goal to accelerate the use of clean vehicles and fuels and help the region more quickly meet its air quality targets.

ARB Announces Upcoming Mobile Source Training Courses 

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) has announced the following upcoming Mobile Source-related classes. Registration information is below. For additional information, please visit their website at ARB is offering the following In-Use Off-Road Diesel, LSI and On-Road diesel vehicle and equipment courses thus far in 2017. There is no cost to attend these classes.

#504 In-Use Off-Road Diesel Vehicle Regulation:
  • April 4 - San Pedro (8:30am - 11:30am)
  •  April 5 - Anaheim (8:30am - 11:30am) CLASS FULL
  • April 20 - Webinar (9:00am - Noon)
  • April 26 - Anaheim (8:30am - 11:30am)
  • April 26 - West Sacramento (8:30am - 11:30am)
  • May 2 - Eureka (8:30am - 11:30am)
  • May 11 - Alhambra (8:30am - 11:30am)
  • May 12 - Riverside (8:30am - 11:30am) CLASS FULL
  • May 16 - West Sacramento (8:30am - 11:30am)
  • May 18 - Webinar (9:00am - Noon)
To register, go to Enter your first and last name as well as email address and click "Quick Enroll."

#505 Large Spark-Ignition Fleet Regulation:
  • April 4 - San Pedro (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
  • April 5 - Anaheim (1:00pm - 2:30pm) CLASS FULL
  • April 19 - Webinar (9:00am - 10:30am)
  • April 26 - Anaheim (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
  • April 26 - West Sacramento (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
  • May 2 - Eureka (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
  • May 11 - Alhambra (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
  • May 12 - Riverside (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
  • May 16 - West Sacramento (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
  • May 18 - Webinar (1:30pm - 3:00pm)
  • June 14 - Webinar (9:00am - 10:30am)
To register, go to Enter your first and last name as well as email address and click "Quick Enroll".

#521.8 CARB Diesel Truck Rules - Compliance Options and Reporting Requirements for 2018:
  • May 3 - Eureka (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
  • May 25 - Webinar (9:00am - 11:00am)
  • June 20 - Modesto (9:00am - 11:00am)
  • June 21 - Fresno (9:00am - 11:00am)
  • June 22 - Bakersfield (9:00am - 11:00am)
  • July 7 - Redding (9:00am - 11:00am)
  • July 19 - Webinar (9:00am - 11:00am)
To register, go to Enter your first and last name as well as email address and click "Quick Enroll".

#535 Diesel Regulatory Requirements for Freight Brokers, Forwarders, Shippers and Receivers:
  • July 7 - Redding (1:00pm - 2:30pm)
To register, go to Enter your first and last name as well as email address and click "Quick Enroll".

For information and to register for a class or event, please visit ARB's training calendar at Click on the "class" you would like to attend. Click "Location/Class Details PDF" for the address and time of the class.

For up-to-date information about diesel vehicle regulation requirements, please visit

Please contact ARB if you are interested in hosting any of their courses by emailing

SJV Clean Transportation Center: Jan./Feb. Newsletter

Welcome to the January/February 2017 San Joaquin Valley Clean Transportation Center Newsletter. With funding from the California Energy Commission, CALSTART opened the Center with the goal to accelerate the use of clean vehicles and fuels and help the region more quickly meet air quality targets.

PG&E Offers EV Drivers $500 Rebate, Begins Charging Infrastructure Program 

PG&E residential customers who drive an electric vehicle (EV) now are eligible to receive a $500 Clean Fuel Rebate. Those who currently own or lease an eligible EV and have an active PG&E residential electric account may apply for the rebate online. Unlike programs only for new EV drivers, this one-time rebate began in January 2017 and also is open to those who may have had an EV for several years.  

Guidelines and the online application can be found on PG&E's website. Applicants will need their PG&E account number and the vehicle's registration information. Except for portions of Tulare County, much of the Valley is in PG&E territory. PG&E's service area is detailed in this map and list of zip codes.

Funding for the Clean Fuel Rebate comes from a State of California program called the Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS). PG&E earns credits in the program when customers use electricity at home to charge their electric vehicles. PG&E returns the value of these credits to its electric vehicle customers through the Clean Fuel Rebate. 

PG&E also on December 15 received approval from the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) for $130 million to be spent during Phase 1 of the Charge Smart and Save program to fund EV infrastructure in its service territory. Up to 7,500 EV charging stations will be installed in workplaces, multi-unit dwellings and disadvantaged communities. The program will begin until later this year, and an interest list of potential sites is being established.

PG&E estimates that just 5,000 Level 2 chargers currently are in the 70,000-square-mile territory the utility serves, while roughly 100,000 will be needed in order to meet Govern Brown's goal of having 1.5 million zero-emission vehicles in California by 2025. California leads the nation in EV sales with more than 269,000 EVs sold statewide.

Go to PG&E's website for more information or to sign up for the interest list. In addition, a January 20 company news release has more information on PG&E's most recent proposal to the CPUC. In this next phase, PG&E would fund an additional $250 million to accelerate EV adoption. 

The Fresno Yosemite International Airport now has 14 Telefonix chargers in public parking areas in addition to six chargers for employees. Director of Aviation Kevin Meikle along with Fresno City Councilmembers Paul Caprioglio and Oliver L. Baines III (below, left to right) hold a check from the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District, which provided $30,000 to help fund six Level 2 public chargers through its Charge Up! program. Councilmember Baines also serves on the Air District Board. 

Fresno Yosemite International Airport Region's Largest EV Charging Site

With 20 electric vehicle (EV) chargers now installed, the Fresno Yosemite International Airport is the region's largest site for EV charging. At a ceremony December 16, eight Level 1 chargers in long-term parking and six Level 2 chargers in short-term parking were dedicated. Six additional chargers are in an employee parking area. All of the PowerPost EVSE chargers from Telefonix feature a colorful personalized wrap unique to their location.

"The majority of travelers are not from Fresno," said Director of Aviation Kevin Meikle. "We did not know how much they would be used, but right out of the gate we are seeing them being used on a daily basis." Charging is offered at no additional cost besides the regular parking fees.

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District's Charge Up! program provided $30,000 in funding for the Level 2 public chargers. The program funds up to $5,000 for single-port and $6,000 for dual-port chargers accessible by the public.

"We also put charging infrastructure in for the airlines," added Meikle. "So they have been steadily converting their diesel equipment, like the tugs and baggage carts, to electric. Collectively, the airlines are at about a 60 percent electric fleet."

For more information, read the airport's news release or view a video posted on their Facebook page. 

CALSTART Selected to Administer HVIP, ARB Approves $36 Million for FY 2016-17

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) on January 24 announced that CALSTART has been selected as the grantee to administer the Hybrid and Zero-Emission Truck and Bus Voucher Incentive Project and Low-NOx Engine Incentives (HVIP) for Fiscal Year 2016-17.

Offering point-of-sale incentives for clean trucks and buses in California, HVIP is intended to encourage and accelerate the deployment of new hybrid and zero-emission trucks and buses in California The Low-NOx Engine Incentives project is designed to cover the full incremental cost over a standard natural gas engine and includes both repowers as well new vehicles.

The program will be allocated a total of $36 million in incentive funding from ARB for FY 2016-17. This includes $23 million for Low-NOx Engine Incentives and $13 million for HVIP. For more information, go to the HVIP website or call 888-457-HVIP. 

The SJVCTC staff was able to test drive this Bolt at Three-Way Chevrolet in Bakersfield. The Bolt handles well on the freeway and in town, offering a great driving experience overall. Dario Hernandez is the new EV sales contact at Three-Way, which has been offering a $2,000 discount off MSRP on new Bolts. Dario, who used to work for Nissan and drives a Leaf, can be contacted at or (661)301-5514. Tracy Chevrolet is advertising a 36-month lease for $339 a month plus tax ($1,600 at signing). Call (209)229-4901 for information. Contact your local dealer for special offers and financing they may have available. 

Chevrolet Bolts Arrive at SJV Dealerships 

Chevrolet Bolts have arrived at dealerships throughout the San Joaquin Valley. With 238 miles of all-electric range and a starting MSRP of $36,620 before rebates and incentives, the small SUV has a growing list of accolades, including 2017 North American Car of the Year,  2017 Motor Trend Car of the Year and Green Car Reports Best Car to Buy 2017.

With the addition of PG&E's $500 Clean Fuel Rebate (see article above), Valley residents who purchase or lease a new EV now may qualify for up to $15,500 in rebates and incentives, depending on income and eligibility. Besides a $7,500 federal tax credit, the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District's Drive Clean! offers a rebate of $3,000 and the California Clean Vehicle Rebate Project (CVRP) provides $2,500 to $4,500* for all-electric vehicles (*higher rebate amount for low-income households). The Eastern Kern Air Pollution Control District has a new voucher program providing $5,000 for the purchase of a BEV and $3,000 for a PHEV. The program is for purchases only, and the voucher must be obtained before purchase at an approved dealership.

Most SJV Chevrolet dealers have Bolts for sale. Call your local dealership, go online to the Chevrolet website or contact the SJVCTC for more information. Google News recently featured an article on the Bolt and how it may compare to the Tesla 3.

*Consumers with a household income less than or equal to 300 percent of the federal poverty level ($72,900 for a family of four for 2016) are eligible for an added $2,000 rebate, bringing the total CVRP amount to $4,500. 

The San Joaquin Valley Electric Vehicle Partnership will host a Workplace Charging Workshop February 24 at Bakersfield Memorial Hospital, which has Level 2 chargers from ChargePoint.  

Plan to Attend Workplace Charging Workshop February 24 in Bakersfield 

If your business or organization is interested in electric vehicles and EV charging, don't miss the Workplace Charging Workshop set for February 24 in Bakersfield. Hosted by the San Joaquin Valley Electric Vehicle Partnership (SJVEVP), the event takes place at Bakersfield Memorial Hospital from 9:30 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Presentations will include:
  • Introduction to Electric Vehicles and Charging Stations: San Joaquin Valley Clean Cities Coalition
  • EV Charging Equipment: EVgo, Telefonix, ChargePoint, Envision Solar, Fresno Yosemite International Airport
  • EV Incentives: PG&E, SCE, San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD), Center for Sustainable Energy, EV Perks
  • Electric Vehicles: Nissan of Bakersfield, Jim Burke Ford, Proterra, GreenPower
  • Workplace Charging: SJVAPCD, Telefonix
The event also will feature an electric vehicle display in the parking lot. Registration for the workshop, which includes continental breakfast and hot lunch, is $40. (Paid members of the San Joaquin Valley Clean Cities Coalition receive a discount.) More information can be found on the Project Clean Air website, or go to Eventbrite to register
Director's Message
By Joseph Oldham

So far, 2017 is off to a great start here in the San Joaquin Valley. And with the wonderful rain and snow that we have been blessed with this winter, spring in the Valley promises to be amazing this year with an incredible blossom display on Valley farms and vibrant wildflowers in the mountains!

It is going to be an amazing year for clean transportation as well, as you will see in this edition of the CALSTART San Joaquin Valley Clean Transportation Newsletter! From Fresno Yosemite International Airport becoming the largest EV charging location in the San Joaquin Valley to what promises to be a great week at the Tulare World Ag Expo with a great display of the latest in natural gas truck technology at the Southern California Gas Company's (SoCal Gas) booth, the opportunities to learn about and then use cleaner vehicle technologies just continue to expand in the Valley. And with these technologies come the benefits of cleaner air for our families, friends and co-workers so that everyone can enjoy the natural beauty our region has to offer.

Among the great articles in this edition of the newsletter, please note the first article about the new PG&E $500 rebate for EV owners! This nice surprise came to our attention in January when PG&E announced they were providing $500 rebates for owners or lessees of EVs that charge their cars at home on their residential account. I was one of the first people to take advantage of this and was very pleased with how simple the application process was. I received my $500 check in less than the four-week time frame PG&E states on the application, and it was nice to get another rebate for my 2013 Chevy Volt even though the car has more than 95,000 miles on it!

Also, come and visit us at the 2017 World Ag Expo in Tulare next week, February 14-16. SoCal Gas has graciously allowed us to have some booth space with them at the show. The weather is forecast to be sunny with temperatures in the upper to mid-60s, which is nearly ideal to see the incredible displays of equipment and technology at the Ag Expo – and to enjoy the great food. Staff from the CALSTART San Joaquin Valley Clean Transportation Center will be at the Expo all three days.

Besides talking about the new HVIP incentives for natural gas engines, we will be asking truck owners to take a short survey about if they have considered using natural gas and any barriers they have to using it in their trucks. The survey will be short, with only about 5-6 multiple choice questions, and should take less than five minutes to complete. Answers will be used to help us design programs working with our industry and government partners to overcome the barriers identified in the survey and make it easier for truck owners and fleet operators to use natural gas as a cleaner alternative to diesel fuel.

Finally, as we move into spring and start to enjoy the spectacular beauty of our region, let’s all remember that each of us can help keep our air clean through the decisions we make every day. Consider walking instead of driving, ride a bike to work or on errands, take transit once a week to work, or ride Amtrak on your next trip; all of these options help reduce traffic and air pollution associated with transportation. It is our Valley, and each of us working together can help keep our air clean!

“The CALSTART San Joaquin Valley Clean Transportation Center is a joint project between CALSTART and the California Energy Commission (CEC). It is funded through a grant from the CEC with the mission to assist residents and businesses in the San Joaquin Valley deploy cleaner transportation options to help improve air quality and promote economic prosperity. For more information about CALSTART, visit

Look for Us at the 2017 World Ag Expo

The San Joaquin Valley Clean Transportation Center will be at the World Ag Expo in Tulare on  February 14-16. Look for us at the Southern California Gas Company's booth. This is the 50th anniversary of the World Ag Expo, which is the world's largest annual agricultural exposition.

The Ag Expo is at the International Agri-Center, 4500 Laspina Street in Tulare. Come and talk to us about various grants and incentive programs that are available for alternative-fuel vehicles. 


Looking for Grant Information?

The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District offers a variety of grants and incentive programs for public agencies, residents, businesses and technology. Interested parties should apply early since incentives typically are available on a first-come, first-served basis. A complete list of current incentive programs is available on the Air District website.

The California Air Resources Board (ARB) administers grant programs funded through various sources, including the Cap-and-Trade program. A complete list of the various funding programs is available on the
ARB website.

The California Energy Commission (CEC) also administers grant programs for transportation technology. Go to the 
CEC website for information.

Various Federal agencies offer grants and incentives for transportation technology each year. All Federal agencies use the website for submitting and receiving grant applications. 

Quotes Worth Noting

"Based on all the information out there and the demand for electric buses in 2017 and beyond, it will be very difficult for the four major manufacturers (BYD, Proterra, New Flyer and GreenPower) to meet the demand. From a business perspective, it is the perfect place to be."

Brendan Riley, GreenPower Motor Company's newly appointed President, in a January 25, 2017, interview for the Cantech Letter


Copyright © 2017 by CALSTART, All rights reserved.

Contact Us
Joseph Oldham, Director
San Joaquin Valley Clean Transportation Center
Address: 510 W. Kearney Blvd., Fresno, CA 93706
Phone: (559) 797-6034

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Newsletter Editor: Brenda Turner, Project Clean Air

Mystery unveiled, California and how it trades its caps.

"Let the Hunger Compliance Games begin!"

What is California’s Cap and Trade and what makes California believe it can achieve something the nation could not?  For starters, you may be asking, what is all the hoopla about cap and trade? Well, the basics of cap and trade are simple; it uses the power of the marketplace to reduce pollution, in theory doing so at the lowest possible cost. In the Golden State system, government regulators set an annual limit (cap) on the GHG emissions produced by the state’s factories, power plants and oil refineries. The cap will decline about a percentage point for the first two years and three percent each year after that.

The basic premise of cap-and-trade is that government doesn't tell polluters how to clean up their act. Instead, it simply imposes a cap on emissions. Each company starts the year with a certain number of tons allowed—a so-called right to pollute. The company decides how to use its allowance; it might restrict output, or switch to a cleaner fuel, or buy a scrubber to cut emissions. If it doesn't use up its allowance, it might then sell what it no longer needs. Then again, it might have to buy extra allowances on the open market. Each year, the cap ratchets down, and the shrinking pool of allowances gets costlier. As in a game of musical chairs, polluters must scramble to match allowances to emissions.

Companies will buy and sell allowances to emit carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases (GHG). Now, each allowance represents one ton of Carbon Dioxide (CO2). The minimum price starts at $10 per allowance (ton of Co2) and will slowly increase over time. The number of allowances that a company must hold is determined based on the standard emission from their type of business or facility. Companies that cut their emissions quickly will have spare allowances they can sell to other businesses that are having a hard time making reductions. This is easy to see if we look at emissions through an industry specific looking glass, as it would be difficult to conceive of a cap and trade program working without allowances being industry specific.

In the beginning were the electric utilities. The utility companies will be getting all the allowances they need for free (for a while anyhow).  The utilities will be required to sell allowances at state-organized auctions that occur four times each year. The money the utilities make must be used to benefit their ratepayers, possibly through a credit on customers’ bills or maintenance on equipment and transmission lines that would offset rate hikes much like the one the CPUC just approved. Most manufacturers will receive 90 percent of their allowances for free in the first two years, dropping to 75 percent in 2015.

The first auction happened last November and had 23,126,110 tons of 2013 vintage Co2 allowances up for sale on an electronic trading platform. Companies and traders who registered in advance submitted sealed bids specifying how many allowances they wanted to buy, and at what price. The bids were ranked from highest price to lowest until all the allowances have been allocated. The lowest price at which allowances were allocated became the price that all participants paid, regardless of their original bids. In November’s auction, the allowances sold for $10.09 with the reserve price set at $10 and the maximum price submitted was at $91.13 mean price was $15.60 and the Median price was $12.95. Where is Effie Trinket when you need her? Now, as far as the secondary market, companies and traders can continue trading outside the auctions, but each allowance has a serial number, and all transactions must be recorded in a central tracking system.

There was also an advance auction of 2015 vintage allowances that sold 5,576,000 of 39,450,000 available allowances for sale at the price of $10.00 with a maximum bid of $17.25 and the mean of $11.07 and Median price being $10.59, the maximum price submitted was $17.25 and the minimum was $10.00 and therefore all 2015 vintage allowances were sold at $10.00. The drawback of buying vintage 2015 allowances is that your funding source is tied up two years in advance; the benefit is that you pay a much cheaper price for allowances purchased today that will be used in 2015, when the number of allowances will be dropping to 75 percent. In layman’s terms, if you know your company will need allowances in 2015 and it has the capital to purchase allowances today, the price will be rock bottom today ( hence the $10 price tag) vs. purchasing them in 2015 when every industry will need them and the price is much higher. How about this for a business venture, buy up all the 2015 allowances you can and sell them when 2015 comes around for three to four times the price they were originally purchased for.  Sounds like a great way to make it rich to me.

See the air resource board for a complete list of qualified bidders and a more detailed account of the November 2012 auction. Below is a sampling of what you can expect to find:

Companies can also buy offsets, credits generated by forestry projects and other endeavors that either remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere or reduce emissions. But the offsets must be generated in the United States and can account for no more than 8 percent of all the allowances that a company needs. To me, offsets should be limited to the state of California (for this specific situation) as other states and federal entities are not participating and thus, should not be allowed to participate in an offset program?

Market manipulation?
The Air Resources Board has set limits on the percentage of available allowances that any individual company or trader can hold, to prevent anyone from cornering the market. Consultants will also monitor the auctions, looking for unusual trading behavior. We can all see this one happening or at least someone trying to make this happen.

Where does the money go?
Amazingly enough, this hasn't been decided; by law, money the state raises by selling allowances must be used to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and cannot simply be dumped into California's general fund as if it were tax revenue. But the Legislature has not yet hammered out the details.

Important information
Hirschman-Herfindahl index (HHI):  The HHI is a measure of the concentration of allowances purchased by winning bidders relative to the total sale of current vintage allowances in the auction.  The percentage of allowances purchased by each winning bidder is squared and then summed across all winning bidders.  The HHI can range up to 10,000, representing 100% of the current vintage allowances purchased by a single bidder (i.e., 100x100=10,000).

Read more:

Photo Credit: Jacobsen, Nina and Kilik, Jon (Producers) & Ross, Gary (Director). 2012. The Hunger Games [Motion picture]/ United Sates. Lionsgate, Color Force. 

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California Adopts Ambitious Cap And Trade Program

California regulators have approved an ambitious carbon-trading program in a move that some businesses fear will increase their costs, but also could be a potential revenue boon to the financially struggling state.

The 9-1 vote by the California Air Resources Board - at a packed meeting that featured climate skeptics with signs reading, "Global Warming: Science by Homer Simpson," according to Huffington Post - creates a complicated market for carbon credits effective in 2012. It allows big emitters, such as power plants, refiners and other industries, to buy carbon credits as a way to comply with mandatory emission cuts.

As the Wall Street Journal notes, the regulations come on the heels of the Cancun climate talks and six weeks after voters in California kept AB 32, the state's landmark climate law - of which cap and trade was a portion. Attempts to create a national cap and trade program have not been successful.

Supporters hope the California program will be a model for other states to follow.
There also is talk of linking it to cap and trade programs in New Mexico and Canada.

Air Resources Board Chair Mary Nichols said the state will create mechanisms to prevent manipulation of the carbon market, and wants a fund that uses carbon auction funds for energy-savings programs for low-income families.

The state plans to give away most of the carbon allowances in the first few years, but, by some estimates, $7 billion of revenue could eventually be created through a market. Here is a Los Angeles Times story that gives a good analysis of the program.

Meanwhile, manufacturers weren't necessarily keen on the whole thing, this San Diego Union-Tribune story notes. Here's a quote: "It will hurt manufacturers hard — raising costs on all types of energy,” warned Dorothy Rothrock, their lead negotiator on the issue for a business organization. “Manufacturers can’t pass along the costs of cap and trade when prices are set in global markets.”

There also is some speculation that the program could lead to rate increases.
Good or bad, the new regulation is an indication that California is serious about climate change.

"Billions of dollars are being poured into California in clean technology venture capital investment," Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger said in the Wall Street Journal story. "Of course, we have to be sensitive because it's an economic downturn, and this Air Resources Board knows they have to be sensitive. But we have to reach our goals by 2020."

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